The term diabetes came from the Greek Aretaeus of Cappadocia. It meant to ‘pass like a siphon’ and refers to the excess urine that is passed. The term mellitus comes from Latin and means honey which refers to the sweet taste of the urine.
Myo means muscle, cardium refers to heart and infarct comes from the Latin to plug or cram referring to the blocking of the artery. Hence myocardial infarction meaning heart attack.
Asthma is derived from Greek and means ‘noisy breathing’.
George Papanicolaou was born in Greece. He moved to America after World War I and studied vaginal cytology. He recognised that abnormal cells taken from the cervix could be a predictor of possible future cervical cancer. As a result of his work the cervical smear screening program was established. The cervical screening program in Australia targets ladies between the ages of 20 and 70 and recommends a smear be done every 2 years.
The Stethoscope was invented in 1816 by Rene Laennec , a physician born on February 17th 1781 in Quimper, France. Laennec spent three years perfecting his design and listening to the chest findings of patients with pneumonia and comparing what he heard to their autopsy findings. Ironically, Laennec died of tuberculosis on August 13th, 1826.
Aspirin has been around since ancient times. Willow bark – which is high in salicylate – was found to control fevers and pain. Aspirin – now made synthetically – is still used to treat inflammatory conditions but much less so with the development of other anti–inflammatory drugs. It is often used in low dosage to ‘thin’ the blood to prevent stroke and heart disease for those people at risk. There have been all sorts of theories suggesting that aspirin may reduce the incidence of cancer and even cataracts but none have been substantiated.
The length from your wrist to your elbow is the same as the length of your foot.